|• SGX-listed agribusiness Japfa's stock is down about 35% from a year ago. Its current market cap: S$478 million.
Japfa is, partly, into poultry breeding and farming in Indonesia. Photo: Company• Its 1H2023 results were strongly influenced by inflationary pressures affecting both the production costs and selling prices of its products.
• 1H2023 net loss was US$53.6 million versus a gain of US$25.5 million in 1H2022, which is a dramatic reversal.
• Against a challenging business backgrouund, SGX Research spoke with CEO Tan Yong Nang. Read on ....
For Japfa chief executive officer and executive director Tan Yong Nang, helming a firm is a lot like steering a ship. “Even in a turbulent sea, you don’t focus on the water around you in your immediate vision. You keep your eyes on a beacon far away that gives you your direction, and try your best to get there,” he says.
In practical terms, this means always trying to be as efficient as possible, which will be a lifeline in tough times, investing in employees, who are the heart of the business, and building long-term relationships with partners and stakeholders, to weather the ups and downs that come in any industry, he explains.
Such farsightedness is how he turned Japfa into a regional agribusiness with more than 38,000 employees in an integrated network of modern farming, processing and distribution facilities, in Indonesia, Vietnam, India, Myanmar and Bangladesh. Japfa was also in China until last year before the spin-off of its dairy business. Its headquarters is in Singapore.
The company specialises in producing protein staples, namely poultry, swine, aquaculture and beef, as well as packaged food that nourishes millions of people. Today, it is the second largest integrated industrialised poultry firm in Indonesia, among other market-leading positions.
“When you focus on building capabilities, you become stronger and last longer,” Tan says. “To me, the biggest risk to any firm is complacency. We try to improve ourselves every day, to find better ways of doing the same jobs and to continually upgrade ourselves.”
|A mission to feed emerging Asia
When Tan joined Japfa as assistant to the chief executive officer and chief operating officer of corporate services in 2007, he already had growth in mind, both for himself and the company.
He began his career in 1985 in the public sector, as a statistician in the Department of Statistics and then a research economist in the Ministry of Trade and Industry.
After that, he spent nearly two decades in Prudential, the PAMA Group, Delifrance, where he was chief executive officer from 2003 to 2005, and the Li & Fung Group, where he took on the roles of project director and chief operating officer.
While his experience in private equity allowed him to be exposed to many types of industries, the experiences eventually left him wanting to be more involved in operations. He explains: “At the very senior level, my involvement was becoming more advisory-focused”.
“It felt as though my professional life was still incomplete. I needed to do something different, to build something up. I had this vision of laying a foundation and adding to it every month, every year, until I had a business that was contributing a lot to society.”
|“We’ve been around for about 50 years, since 1971, but some people still think of us as a small farmer. What they don’t understand is that we are a big organisation, and that we have put in the work to become even bigger in the future.”
With its breadth, Japfa gave him that opportunity. He says: “Our mission is to feed billions of people in Asia, and to do that in a sustainable manner. We support food security by providing food sources locally. Not many companies can say these things about themselves.”
Since he became Japfa’s executive director in 2009, as well as its chief operating officer in 2011 and then chief executive officer in 2014, he has spearheaded the expansion of its operations regionally, including in the swine and dairy business segments.
“When I came to Japfa, it was very Indonesian-centric, very poultry-centric. We grew it into a more regional business with a strong base in Indonesia, and diversified into other proteins, to give Japfa more pillars of growth.”
“We’ve been around for about 50 years, since 1971, but some people still think of us as a small farmer. What they don’t understand is that we are a big organisation, and that we have put in the work to become even bigger in the future.”
| Nurturing people and partners
He points to the firm’s investment in its staff. “We put a lot of emphasis on our people, in their development. One of our key principles is to push our people in the right direction every day, to be a bit better than they were yesterday.”
Japfa has cultivated close ties with top-flight genetics companies to breed high performance parent livestock, as another way to set itself apart from rivals. “To put it simply, if your gene pool allows you to grow to five-feet-tall, you’re not going to get taller than five feet. But if you can increase the ceiling to six feet via genetics, you suddenly have a lot more potential. It’s the same in farming."
The company works with the leading business schools and has training programmes for senior, middle and junior management. It also set up The Learning Centre (TLC) in Bogor, an hour’s drive from Jakarta, Indonesia, as a dedicated space for employees to meet, train and share knowledge, and to be a hub for recreation and networking.
Tan highlights: “TLC means many things to us. It refers to The Learning Centre, and also to the tender loving care that is part of our corporate culture. To these, we have added another TLC: the idea that we should Think, Learn and Contribute.”
“Think, meaning we should think things through before we do them, and always look for ways to advance. Learn, because the world is changing so quickly that we cannot stick to the same old practices, and must embrace lifelong learning. Contribute, not just to Japfa, but society too.”
At the same time, Japfa has cultivated close ties with top-flight genetics companies to breed high performance parent livestock, as another way to set itself apart from rivals. Tan explains: “Strategically, it’s so important for us to find the right partners in genetics.”
“To put it simply, if your gene pool allows you to grow to five-feet-tall, you’re not going to get taller than five feet. But if you can increase the ceiling to six feet via genetics, you suddenly have a lot more potential. It’s the same in farming. To be good at what we do, we collaborate with partners to understand and harness science to boost our business.”
He adds: “I think it’s a testament to how we have built relationships, that most of the partners we work with have been with us for a long time.”
| Many opportunities for growth
Looking ahead, Tan sees room for Japfa to grow further in the region. “Take Indonesia. While we have done well in the poultry sector, our aquaculture business there is still small in terms of revenue and profit and offers great potential for growth. Our business in Vietnam is growing very quickly too. Beyond that, we have China, through our sister company AustAsia, India and Bangladesh, which all have big populations.”
The company is also innovating in different ways. Tan shares: “Not many people know that we are the only animal farming group in Asia with a vaccine business, Vaksindo, to support our poultry operations. Vaksindo has expanded overseas with a presence in India and more recently Vietnam, to support our swine operations as well.”
“The way we have organised ourselves, each division grows on its own, financed by its own and banking support. This enables us to grow organically in each area. We have many horses in the race, and don’t have to pick between them. At this point, we are competing against the leading players in our industry. We are all in the top division.”
About Japfa Ltd
Headquartered in Singapore, Japfa Ltd is a leading vertically integrated agri-food company listed on the SGX Mainboard since 2014. Established in 1971, the Group has grown into one of Asia’s leading low-cost producers of protein staples including poultry, swine and aquaculture as well as protein-based consumer products across fast-growing emerging Asian economies such as Indonesia, Vietnam, India, Myanmar and Bangladesh. Japfa embraces an integrated industrial approach to livestock and food production across the value chain. Its operations span from Feed & Breeding (upstream), Fattening (midstream) and Processing and Distribution (downstream).
The company’s website is https://www.japfa.com
About kopi-C: the Company brew
kopi-C is a regular column that features C-level executives of companies listed on SGX. The series is curated by SGX Research in partnership with Beansprout, a MAS-licensed investment advisory platform, and is aimed at helping investors better understand the individuals who run these corporations. Written by Feng Zengkun.