Many investors may not have heard of Walter Schloss before, but he was a fellow disciple of Benjamin Graham with Warren Buffett. More importantly, his partnership had achieved a staggering 21% CAGR from the stock market over 28 and 1/4 years.

Now that you have taken notice, you would also be amazed at his profoundly simple approach to investing (See below)…

The Schloss Approach in Brief

Philosophy and Style

Investors are best served using a Benjamin Graham value approach, looking for stocks that are hitting new lows and those trading at a price lower than their book value per share.

Universe of Stocks

Stocks are selected from among well-known "Campbell Soup" companies. Exclude foreign stocks and those in industries with which the investor is unfamiliar.

Criteria for Initial Consideration

• Ten-year track record 
• No long-term debt
• A low price-to-book-value ratio
• A stock at or near its 52-week low price
• High insider ownership

Portfolio Construction

• Limit holding of one stock to no more than 20% of entire portfolio 
• Well-diversified portfolio of up to 100 stocks
• Holdings weighted based on their perceived values, putting less money in positions the investor is less sure about
• Use limit orders to purchase stocks

Stock Monitoring and When to Sell

In general, try for a 50% profit from any holding before selling. If a stock's price is falling and the company's fundamentals are sound, buy more.

While most professional money managers focus on 
earnings, Schloss concentrated his purchases on asset value – and look for stocks hitting new lows and those trading at low P/B per share.

With that in mind, we check out 3 Singapore stocks which are trading at low P/B recently too.

#1 Hanwell Holdings Limited (SGX: DM0)

Hanwell Holdings is a leading provider of consumer essentials as they distribute and market a diverse range of safe and quality consumer products in both Singapore and Malaysia.

In Singapore, it distributes tissue products (Beautex brand etc.) under and tofu products (Fortune brand) under

In Malaysia, they exclusively distribute many more household brands including Mentos, Chupa Chups, Smint, Fruitella, Tao Kae Noi, Tai Sun, Indomie and Jia Duo Bao under their subsidiary (url:

Other than consumer products, Hanwell also holds 64% stake in Singapore-listed Tat Seng Packaging Group LtdTat Seng is one of the leading manufacturers of corrugated paper packaging products with operations in Singapore, Suzhou, Nantong, Hefei and Tianjin in China.



The group’s revenue and net earnings have achieved record highs of S$509 million and S$13.9 million respectively in TTM Sept 2018. According to the latest third quarter report, it was mainly attributed to stronger demand in Packaging Business (Tat Seng Group) and higher revenue contributed by consumer business in Malaysia.

On the trade war between the US and China, the management provided the following guidance:

“The Packaging Business will face uncertainty and challenges from volatile raw material prices and the escalation of trade tension between the US and China. This segment will continue to execute its strategy to improve operational efficiencies and further reduce costs diligently. Its new production line in Nantong Tat Seng is expected to commence operation in the fourth quarter of 2018.”

As its last market price of S$0.22, it offers a 
58% discount to Hanwell NAV per share of S$0.5127. To top it off, Hanwell has paid out a dividend of S$0.0025 per share in 2017, which translates to a dividend yield of 1.13%.

#2 Multi-Chem Ltd (SGX: AWZ)


Multi-Chem is a specialist drilling and routing service provider and also a distributor of speciality chemicals and materials to printed circuit board (PCB) manufacturers.

The company was incorporated in 1985 and was listed on SESDAQ in January 2000. It was upgraded to the Main Board of SGX in the same year.

Multi-Chem is a leading PCB drilling provider, in terms of both capacity and technology. Besides, the company also diversified into IT distribution where they focus on best-of-breed internet security, WAN optimisation, network management and video conferencing products from industry leading vendors.

Their IT business has expanded in both product range and geographical coverage since inception and now spans across Singapore, Australia, China (including Hong Kong), India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.



Multi-Chem recorded revenue of S$438 million in TTM Sep 2018, while its net earnings declined to S$7.76 million in the same period.

For its future prospects, the management commented:

“The near term outlook in the IT business is dependent on events such as those political or economic in nature and such events could affect business in certain markets. With the recent US-China trade war, the global economic outlook remains uncertain which will, in turn, affect the Group’s business. With the increase in US interest rates, the cost of business is expected to similarly increase. However, IT is still a critical requirement in businesses and security will continue to remain an integral part of the IT infrastructure. This should augur well for the Group as more efforts are put into growing the IT business.”  

Multi-Chem changed hands at S$0.70 on the last trading day. At that price, it is valued at 
0.6511 times its NAV. It offers a total dividend of S$0.0551 in FY2017, which translate to a dividend yield of 7.9%.

#3 ISDN Holdings Limited (SGX: I07)

TeoCherKoon11.18cTeo Cher Koon, President and MD, ISDN Holdings. NextInsight file photoISDN Holdings is an engineering solutions company specialising in integrated precision engineering and industrial computing solutions. The company offers a wide range of engineering services, mainly to customers who are manufacturers and original design manufacturers of products and equipment that have specialised requirements in precision control.

It also provides the full spectrum of engineering services from conceptualisation, design & development to prototyping, production, sales & marketing and after sales engineering support.


ISDN Holdings reported steady growth in top line from S$230 million in FY2014 to S$300 million in TTM Sep 2018. In addition, its net earnings nearly doubled from S$7.4 million to S$14.3 million in the same period.

From its latest quarterly report, its strong growth was mainly attributable to the growing domestic demand for high-tech precision control systems from medical device manufacturers, coupled with a consistent growing customer base.

Looking forward, the company plans to expand its business into the development of mini-hydropower plants:

In Indonesia, ISDN’s venture into the development of mini-hydropower plants will yield some definitive results from 2019. Its first two plants, capable of producing 4.6MW and 9MW of electricity respectively, are expected to be operational by the middle of next year, while a third plant, which can yield 10MW, will be ready by 2020.

ISDN Holdings is currently trading at 
PB of 0.5362 times with a share price of S$0.20 per share. The company has paid out a dividend per share of S$0.006 in the previous financial year, which translate to a dividend yield of 3%.

Article republished from Smallcapasia with permission.

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